. He shows how governing these peoples was relatively easy when power was concentrated in a small dynastic elite, but how this delicate political order broke down in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries when Afghanistan's rulers mobilized rural militias to expel first the British and later the Soviets.
He examines why the american invasion in the wake of September 11 toppled the Taliban so quickly, and how this easy victory lulled the United States into falsely believing that a viable state could be built just as easily. Afghanistan is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how a land conquered and ruled by foreign dynasties for more than a thousand years became the "graveyard of empires" for the British and Soviets, and what the United States must do to avoid a similar fate.
Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History Princeton Studies in Muslim Politics #ad - Armed insurgency proved remarkably successful against the foreign occupiers, but it also undermined the Afghan government's authority and rendered the country ever more difficult to govern as time passed. Thomas barfield introduces readers to the bewildering diversity of tribal and ethnic groups in Afghanistan, cultural, explaining what unites them as Afghans despite the regional, and political differences that divide them.
Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia, Second EditionYale University Press #ad - He offers the only authoritative account of the taliban available to English-language readers, explaining the Taliban’s rise to power, its role in oil and gas company decisions, its impact on Afghanistan and the region, and the effects of changing American attitudes toward the Taliban. He also describes the new face of Islamic fundamentalism and explains why Afghanistan has become the world center for international terrorism.
New to this updated edition of the #1 New York Times Bestseller with more than 1. 5 million copies sold worldwide:o how the taliban has regained its strengtho how and why the taliban has spread across Central Asiao How the Taliban has helped Al’Qaida’s spread into Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and the Far Easto Why the Afghan people feel the United States is losing the waro A major new introduction and an all-new final chapter .
Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia, Second Edition #ad - Correspondent ahmed rashid brings the shadowy world of the Taliban—the world’s most extreme and radical Islamic organization—into sharp focus in this enormously insightful book.
Afghanistan: A Military History from Alexander the Great to the War against the TalibanDa Capo Press #ad - Troops entered afghanistan in the weeks following September 11, 2001, they overthrew the Afghan Taliban regime and sent the terrorists it harbored on the run. For over 2, and tartar, 500 years, british, in more recent times, Russian, Mongol, the forbidding territory of Afghanistan has served as a vital crossroads for armies and has witnessed history-shaping clashes between civilizations: Greek, Arab, and, and American.
But america's initial easy victory is in sharp contrast to the difficulties it faces today in confronting the Taliban resurgence. Originally published in 2002, stephen Tanner's Afghanistan has now been completely updated to include the crucial turn of events since America first entered the country. When U.
Descent into Chaos: The U.S. and the Disaster in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central AsiaPenguin Books #ad - His unique knowledge of this vast and complex region allows him a panoramic vision and nuance that no Western writer can emulate. Descent into chaos will do for central asia what thomas Rick’s Fiasco did for Iraq — offer a blistering critique of the Bush administration and an impassioned call to correct our failed strategy in the region.
. Ahmed rashid is “pakistan’s best and bravest reporter” Christopher Hitchens. His conclusions are devastating: an unstable and nuclear-armed Pakistan, a renewed al’ Qaeda profiting from a booming opium trade, and a Taliban resurgence and reconquest. Benazir bhutto’s assassination and the crisis in Pakistan are only the beginning.
Rashid has unparalleled access to the figures in this global drama, and provides up-to-the-minute analysis better than anyone else. The #1 new york times bestselling author provides a shocking analysis of the crisis in Pakistan and the renewed radicalism threatening Afghanistan and the West. His book taliban first introduced American readers to the brutal regime that hijacked Afghanistan and harbored the terrorist group responsible for the 9/11 attacks.
Descent into Chaos: The U.S. and the Disaster in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia #ad - While iraq continues to attract most of american media and military might, Rashid argues that Pakistan and Afghanistan are where the conflict will finally be played out and that these failing states pose a graver threat to global security than the Middle East. Rashid assesses what her death means for the region and the future.
Now, rashid examines the region and the corridors of power in Washington and Europe to see how the promised nation building in these countries has pro-gressed.
In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in AfghanistanW. W. Norton & Company #ad - After eight years, the united states has managed to push al Qa’ida’s headquarters about one hundred miles across the border into Pakistan, he says, the distance from New York to Philadelphia. While observing the tense and often adversarial relationship between natO allies in the Coalition, Jones—who has distinguished himself at RAND and was recently named by Esquire as one of the “Best and Brightest” young policy experts—introduces us to key figures on both sides of the war.
. In the graveyard of empires is a political history of afghanistan in the “Age of Terror” from 2001 to 2009, exploring the fundamental tragedy of America’s longest war since Vietnam. After a brief survey of the great empires in Afghanistan—the campaigns of Alexander the Great, the British in the era of Kipling, and the late Soviet Union—Seth G.
Jones examines the central question of our own war: how did an insurgency develop? Following the September 11 attacks, the United States successfully overthrew the Taliban regime. A definitive account of the American experience in Afghanistan from the rise of the Taliban to the depths of the insurgency.
After the swift defeat of the taliban in 2001, american optimism has steadily evaporated in the face of mounting violence; a new “war of a thousand cuts” has now brought the country to its knees. It established security throughout the country—killing, capturing, or scattering most of al Qa’ida’s senior operatives—and Afghanistan finally began to emerge from more than two decades of struggle and conflict.
In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in Afghanistan #ad - Harnessing important new research and integrating thousands of declassified government documents, showing how a rising drug trade, Jones then analyzes the insurgency from a historical and structural point of view, while Americans abandoned a successful strategy, poor security forces, and pervasive corruption undermined the Karzai government, failed to provide the necessary support, and allowed a growing sanctuary for insurgents in Pakistan to catalyze the Taliban resurgence.
No Good Men Among the Living: America, the Taliban, and the War through Afghan EyesMetropolitan Books #ad - He follows a taliban commander, who rises from scrawny teenager to leading insurgent; a US-backed warlord, who uses the American military to gain personal wealth and power; and a village housewife trapped between the two sides, who discovers the devastating cost of neutrality. Through their dramatic stories, Gopal shows that the Afghan war, so often regarded as a hopeless quagmire, could in fact have gone very differently.
A heartbreaking story of mistakes and misdeeds, No Good Men Among the Living challenges our usual perceptions of the Afghan conflict, its victims, and its supposed winners. With its intimate accounts of life in war-torn Afghanistan, Gopal's thoroughly original reporting lays bare the workings of America's longest war and the truth behind its prolonged agony.
No Good Men Among the Living: America, the Taliban, and the War through Afghan Eyes #ad - . Instead, american forces continued to press the conflict, driven by false intelligence from their allies and an unyielding mandate to fight terrorism, resurrecting the insurgency that persists to this day. Effectively, the taliban ceased to exist—yet the Americans were unwilling to accept such a turnaround.
Told through the lives of three afghans, the stunning tale of how the United States had triumph in sight in Afghanistan—and then brought the Taliban back from the deadIn a breathtaking chronicle, acclaimed journalist Anand Gopal traces in vivid detail the lives of three Afghans caught in America's war on terror.
Top taliban leaders actually tried to surrender within months of the US invasion, renouncing all political activity and submitting to the new government.
Afghanistan: A History from 1260 to the PresentReaktion Books #ad - He offers new cultural and political insights from Persian histories, British government and India Ofﬁce archives, the memoirs of Afghan government ofﬁcials, recently released CIA reports and WikiLeaks documents. Its ancient trade routes and strategic position between India, Inner Asia, China, Persia and beyond has meant the region has been subject to frequent invasions.
Modern afghanistan is a culturally and ethnically diverse country, but one divided by conﬂict, political instability and by mass displacements of its people. Jonathan L. Lee chronicles the region’s monarchic rules and the durrani dynasty, regional and religious factions, focusing on the reigns of each ruler and their efforts to balance tribal, ethnic, moving on to the struggle for social and constitutional reform and the rise of Islamic and Communist factions.
Afghanistan: A History from 1260 to the Present #ad - Lee also sheds new light on the country’s foreign relations, its internal power struggles and the impact of foreign military interventions such as the ‘War on Terror’. Lee places the current conﬂict in Afghanistan in its historical context and challenges many of the West’s preconceived ideas about the country.
Located at the intersection of Asia and the Middle East, Afghanistan has been strategically important for thousands of years.
Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and bin Laden, from the Soviet Invas ion to September 10, 2001Penguin Books #ad - Winner of the 2005 pulitzer prizefrom the award-winning and bestselling author of directorate s, the explosive first-hand account of America's secret history in AfghanistanTo what extent did America’s best intelligence analysts grasp the rising thread of Islamist radicalism? Who tried to stop bin Laden and why did they fail? Comprehensively and for the first time, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Steve Coll recounts the history of the covert wars in Afghanistan that fueled Islamic militancy and sowed the seeds of the September 11 attacks.
Forces to find and assassinate bin Laden in Afghanistan. Based on scrupulous research and firsthand accounts by key government, the rise of the Taliban, the emergence of bin Laden, Ghost Wars details the secret history of the CIA’s role in Afghanistan including its covert operations against Soviet troops from 1979 to 1989, intelligence, and military personnel both foreign and American, and the failed efforts by U.
Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and PakistanPenguin Books #ad - Was set on an invisible slow-motion collision course with Pakistan. Today we know that the war in afghanistan would falter badly because of military hubris at the highest levels of the Pentagon, the drain on resources and provocation in the Muslim world caused by the U. S. Led invasion of Iraq, and corruption.
But more than anything, as coll makes painfully clear, the war in Afghanistan was doomed because of the failure of the United States to apprehend the motivations and intentions of I. S. I. S "directorate S". Coll excavates this grand battle, which took place away from the gaze of the American public. This is the definitive explanation of how America came to be so badly ensnared in an elaborate, factional, and seemingly interminable conflict in South Asia.
Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan #ad - Nothing less than a forensic examination of the personal and political forces that shape world history, Directorate S is a complete masterpiece of both investigative and narrative journalism. With unsurpassed expertise, original research, and attention to detail, local and global, he brings to life a narrative at once vast and intricate, propulsive and painstaking.
After 9/11, when fifty-nine countries, led by the U. While the us was trying to quell extremists, a highly secretive and compartmentalized wing of I. S.
The Other Side of the Mountain: Mujahideen Tactics in the Soviet-Afghan WarTales End Press #ad - Outnumbered and outgunned, they used classic guerrilla tactics to gradually wear down and finally defeat the Soviet army. There are 89 tactical battle maps, and a glossary of Mujahideen and Soviet Army terminology and map symbols. Each vignette includes an after-action analysis by the authors, pointing out where each side succeeded or failed in its mission.
For ten years the Mujahideen fought a military superpower that had invaded their homeland. This book tells the story of the Soviet-Afghan war in the words of the Mujahideen guerrillas themselves. This is a companion piece to “the bear went Over the Mountain: Soviet Combat Tactics in Afghanistan, ” which tells the story from the other side of the war.
The Other Side of the Mountain: Mujahideen Tactics in the Soviet-Afghan War #ad - Table of contents: • introduction • foreword • acknowledgements • preface • chapter 1: ambushes • chapter 2: raids • chapter 3: shelling attacks • chapter 4: attacking a strong point • chapter 5: mine warfare • chapter 6: blocking enemy lines of communication • chapter 7: Siege Warfare • Chapter 8: Defending Against Raids • Chapter 9: Fighting Heliborne Insertions • Chapter 10: Defending Against a Cordon and Search • Chapter 11: Defending Base Camps • Chapter 12: Counterambushes • Chapter 13: Fighting in an Encirclement • Chapter 14: Urban Combat • Chapter 15: Conclusion • Glossary • Symbols Library • About the Authors.
The authors interviewed mujahideen commanders and fighters, rocket attacks, including ambushes, urban combat, who describe over 100 guerrilla actions, strongpoint sieges, hit-and-run raids, fighting off heliborne assaults, and last-ditch defenses of their hidden mountain bases. A final chapter analyzes how a decentralized foot-mobile insurgent force could defeat a modern fully-mechanized army that had overwhelming artillery and air support.
The Wars of Afghanistan: Messianic Terrorism, Tribal Conflicts, and the Failures of Great PowersPublicAffairs #ad - Now tomsen draws on a rich trove of never-before-published material to shed new light on the American involvement in the long and continuing Afghan war. And the coalition it leads can assist the region back to peace and stability. At this critical time, he shows how the U. S. As ambassador and special envoy on afghanistan from 1989 to 1992, Peter Tomsen has had close relationships with Afghan leaders and has dealt with senior Taliban, warlords, and religious leaders involved in the region's conflicts over the last two decades.
. It brings to life the appallingly misinformed secret operations by foreign intelligence agencies, the Pakistani ISI, including the Soviet NKVD and KGB, and the CIA. This book offers a deeply informed perspective on how Afghanistan's history as a “shatter zone” for foreign invaders and its tribal society have shaped the modern Afghan narrative.
The Wars of Afghanistan: Messianic Terrorism, Tribal Conflicts, and the Failures of Great Powers #ad - American policy makers, tomsen argues, still do not understand Afghanistan; nor do they appreciate how the CIA's covert operations and the Pentagon's military strategy have strengthened extremism in the country.